Therapist Thursday….Letter Reversals

By: Michelle Yoder, OTR/L

Young readers and writers frequently have letter reversals: b instead of d, p instead of q, and even a 6 rather than a 9. It is concerning to most parents, but remember that this is quite normal for children under the age of 8. You may wish to have your child evaluated if he or she continues to have reversals or exhibits “mirror” writing (right to left and backwards) beyond the age of 8 or the second grade.

Literature suggests that children need repetition and emphasis on the individual letters.  As well, children should be read to every day.  Early readers should be encouraged to read street signs and other signs in the community, packages, labels in the grocery store, etc. While I have not found one trick that works for every child, these are some things that I have learned and that have worked for me over the years:

Teach them their right and left hands- play Simon Says, teach them strategies such as “I write with my right”, or my left hand forms an L.

Work on jumping or moving their bodies to the left and to the right.  We use a sign with three rows of arrows going in each direction, or even up and down arrows to represent forward and backward.

Make sure they understand directionality- top, bottom, sides, straight lines, diagonal lines, etc. I use Fundanoodle’s Magna Strips to practice this.

Work on crossing the midline of their bodies with soldier marching or with rainbow writing (draw a rainbow or the infinity sign) on a large piece of butcher paper.

Provide boundaries for writing letters for early writers.  Window panes and window markers are a fun way to do this! Then, move to boxes on paper to give them a boundary while they first learn to write their letters.

Work on visually scanning to locate items on a page, foster scanning in a left to right direction- if necessary use a piece of paper to “block” out certain parts of the page.

Encourage them to begin their work on the left side of the paper first.

Perform kinesthetic writing in shaving cream, play doh, hair gel, pudding, etc.

Provide visual cues in the room near the alphabet strip or on their desks:

Show them that if they start with an upper case B and erase only the top half, it still is a b!

reversals3

For a lower case b- the bat comes before the ball

reversals2For a lower case d- you need a doorknob to open the door

reversals5A lower case b has a belly- this will make sense to them if they know that they move from left to right across the paper.

For the number 6- the circle sits on the bottom on 6

reversals4Make phonics bags: identify the letter, say it out loud and then trace and write the letter

For some children who have continued difficulties with reversals and writing, in general, it can be helpful to move right onto cursive! Just last week, I had a boy tell me that cursive is so much easier for him than printing! He was all smiles learning to write with Fundanoodle’s Cursive book.

Muscle Mover Monday! Upper case “G”

Stretch like a giraffe.

Fundanoodle by Carolina Pad Muscle Mover Upper Case G

Then practice writing your upper case “G”.

Fundanoodle by Carolina Pad Upper Case G Practice

Will you practice this exercise with your children or students this week? If so, we’d love to see a photo! Please share here or on our facebook page!

Parent Idea: Build sensory skill development while learning with shaving cream.

Shaving cream is a great way to get those little hands “dirty” and help children overcome some aversions to sensory issues.  I constantly have my children play in gooey things to help their senses develop.

This week we practiced forming the letters from the Muscle Mover Cards Uppercase with shaving cream and a place mat.


My five-year-old daughter practiced writing her upper case letters in shaving cream while my two-year-old son practices simple writing strokes that are appropriate for his age.

**Be sure to use shaving cream with care on some surfaces as it may cause damage.

Zoom to make a diagonal line.

Max the Monkey and his fun action words help children learn to remember the motions needed to create letters and numbers with Fundanoodle’s handwriting development module.

Today, we learn ZOOM.

Fundanoodle by Carolina Pad's handwriting development program action word: zoom.When Max says Zoom, children will know to make a diagonal line down, up, in, out or down the middle.

Practice ZOOMing with your children to see just how much fun they can have while learning!

Teachers Love Fundanoodle!

Boy, do we love hearing from parents and teachers who love using Fundanoodle at home and in the classroom! Erin Webber, a Kindergarten teacher at David Cox Road School sent us these pictures of her kindergarten classroom learning and practicing their upper case letters with Fundanoodle.

Student using Fundanoodle by Carolina Pad I Can Build Upper Case Letters kit

Student using Fundanoodle by Carolina Pad I Can Build Uppercase LEtters kitOne of Webber’s students using the “I Can Build Uppercase Letters Kit”.

Students Fundanoodle I Can Write Uppercase lettersBrian practicing his letters with the “I Can Write Upper Case Letters” Activity Book.

“My kindergarten kids love to use Fundanoodle in centers! They especially love the I Can Pound! Activity Bench and the I Can Build Upper Case Letters! Kit,” said Webber.

Fundanoodle activity books and kits are a ready-made resource for classroom use. Here are just a few of the many ways you can use Fundanoodle in your classroom!

-  Fundanoodle activity kits make ideal workstation activities for preschool and kindergarten classrooms.

-  Floor pads can be used as a free-time activity.

-  Writing tablets are ideal for kindergarten and first-grade teachers.

-  Gross motor cards are great for inspiration during every day PE class or for rainy day recess activities.

Are you using Fundanoodle activities and products in your classroom? Which ones and how do your students respond?